Lung Cancer Surgery
Your doctor may recommend surgery as part of your treatment plan if you have been diagnosed with lung cancer, particularly non-small cell lung cancer. Surgery to remove the cancer is typically an option when your cancer is only in one lung or present in one lung and in nearby lymph nodes. This option is usually chosen only if your doctor thinks all cancer can be removed and your general health is good enough to undergo the procedure. Surgery is the most effective treatment for early-stage non-small cell lung cancers.
Surgery is the most effective treatment for early-stage, non-small cell lung cancer. All surgery presents a risk. Any cancer surgery is major surgery, and complications may occur. Possible complications include the risks associated with the medications and methods used during surgery, the risks associated with any surgical procedure, and the risks associated with the patient’s medical condition and history.
Lung cancer forms in tissues of the lung, usually in the cells lining air passages. It starts from a single cell, but usually, includes millions of cells by the time it can be seen by an X-ray. Cancer cells lose their previous function in the body. Instead, they grow faster than regular cells. They cause the body to weaken and prevent organs from working. The two main types of lung cancer are small-cell lung cancer, which spreads quickly and non-small cell lung cancer, which is more common and spreads slowly.
Lung Cancer is the most common type of lung cancer worldwide. Treatment depends on the type and stage of lung cancer and may include one or more treatments, including surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, or targeted drug therapy.
Surgical Treatment Criteria
For small cell lung cancer, surgery is occasionally used if the cancer is limited, although small cell lung cancers are not often diagnosed early. For non-small cell lung cancer, surgery is most effective when the cancer can be completely removed and it has not spread to lymph nodes or outside the chest cavity.